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American Psychological Association

American Psychological Association (APA)
Referencing Style Guide


Overview
- Referencing
- Intellectual honesty and plagiarism
- About the APA style
- In-text citation: Referencing sources
within the text
- Reference list
- Electronic items
- Referencing secondary sources
- Different works of the same author and
same year 
Other materials
- Audio recording
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (AusStats)
- Brochure
- Government report (online)
- Image on the Internet
- Lecture (unpublished)/ personal
communication
- Podcast (from the Internet)
- Thesis
- Video recording, television broadcast or
episode in a series
- Video (from the Internet)

- Web page / document on the Internet 

 Books and book chapters
- Single author
- Two authors
- Three to six authors
- More than six authors
- No author (inc
dictionaries/encyclopaedias)
- Edited book
- Chapter, article or section in a book
- Chapter or article in an edited book
- E-book
Journal articles, newspaper articles and
conference papers

- Journal article (print version)
- Journal article (full-text from electronic
database)
- Non-English journal article translated
into English
- Newspaper article (available in print)
- Newspaper article (from electronic
database)
- Article (from the Internet, not available
in print version)
- Proceedings of meetings and
symposiums, conference papers
- Systematic reviews

Referencing
Referencing acknowledges the sources that you use to write your essay or assignment paper.

In-text citations are used throughout your writing to acknowledge the sources of your information. The full references for the citations are then listed at the end of your assignment paper in the References list.
It is important to first consult your unit outline, lecturer or tutor for the preferred citation style for each unit you undertake.

Please see the section of this guide regarding intellectual honesty and plagiarism. 

Intellectual honesty and plagiarism
Students are referred to the University of Western Sydney Calendar "Misconduct - Student Academic Misconduct Policy" section for basic definitions and University policies relating to intellectual honesty, cheating and plagiarism.

About the APA style
The American Psychological Association (APA) style is a widely used author-date system of referencing or bibliographic citation. This guide covers basic explanations and examples for the most common types of citations used by students. This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) which is available at all UWS libraries. If you are unable to find the referencing example you require in this guide, more detailed information and examples can be found in the above publication.

Current information can also be obtained via the Internet from the official APA Style website http://www.apastyle.org which includes tutorials, a blog and FAQs. Corrected Sample Papers from the Publication Manual can also be found on the APA website. For further support, please contact UWS library: Phone 02 98525353

In-text citation: Referencing sources within the text
Throughout the text of your paper you need to acknowledge the sources used in your writing. Whenever you present a statement of evidence such as a quote, or when you use someone else's ideas, opinions or theories in your own words (paraphrasing), you must acknowledge your sources. Some examples of how to cite sources within your paper are given below. University of Western Sydney Library APA Referencing Style Guide

If you use the name of the author(s) in your writing, place the year of publication of the work in
parentheses after the author’s name 

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